The human gastrointestinal tract, or GI tract, or GIT is an organ system responsible for consuming and digesting foodstuffs, absorbing nutrients, and expelling waste. The tract consists of the stomach and intestines, and is divided into the upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts.
The digestive tract includes the esophagus (or food tube), stomach, small intestine/bowel, and colon or large intestine/bowel. It begins at the mouth and ends at the anus. Gut motility is the term given to the stretching and contractions of the muscles in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.